What is up with the Iran deal?

There is so much news coverage about the Iran deal that was just orchestrated between the United States, the United Nations, and Iran, but many people are confused exactly what the 100 page deal entails. Before we explain it, let’s give a little background on why there is so much controversy about it.

First of all, let us address the saying “history repeats itself.” This could not be more true when it comes to America and a similar deal with North Korea. President George W. Bush lifted sanctions on North Korea, after they promised to stop their nuclear program, publicized the demolition of their nuclear facilities, and made a deal with the United States that they would give up the process to develop a weapon of mass destruction. This happened in 2008. President Bush also erased the Trading with the Enemy Act and took North Korea off the state department list of nations that sponsor terrorism. One year later, in March, North Korea all of a sudden declared that they got a second wind (more than likely due to the new amount of money from the lifted sanctions), and in May, successfully completed a test of a nuclear bomb. Now, North Korea holds this over every other nations head.

Now, we look at Iran. The United States has held a tough economic sanction on Iran since 1979. They were joined by the United Nations in 2005, and Iran originally thought they could change the diplomacy by appealing to Congress. This did not work, and by 2009 their economy was so bad that they were forced to start new negotiations and promise that they would end their nuclear program. Part of the 100 page bill includes unfreezing 100 billion dollars in assets. While they wanted these sanctions to be permanent, even if a new president is elected, the United States said that it would depend on the next regime and their nuclear plan.

So, why are all Republicans calling this the biggest mistake in all of history? Because Iran has not only sponsored terrorist groups, but has openly declared they want Israel wiped off the map. Israel is our number one ally in a tumultuous region, and the only country with an effective democratic government. Furthermore, while Iran now might say that they plan to demolish all nuclear facilities and diminish the materials needed to make a bomb, this can easily change as soon as they get their economy mobilized again. The result could be another war, which would be much harder to fight if they acquire weapons of mass destruction. Hillary Clinton has endorsed this deal with Iran, as well as many other Democrats as they believe it is a step forward in mending diplomatic relations. All Republican candidates, however, have openly stated the grave mistake in making this deal.

Although Congress has some time to repeal this deal, President Obama has already vowed that he will veto it as soon as it arrives on his desk. Obama believes that although the sanctions slowed their ability to create a bomb, lifting the sanctions will only come after UN officials confirm the structures are completely gone.

The con to this negation? A short term solution may present drastic long term effects. Many dictators in the region, including Assad, has said tha this is a “great victory for Iran,” while President Netanyahu has called it a “mistake of historic proportions.”

The Middle East continues to grow as a powder keg, ready to explode. While this negotiation seems like a great achievement of diplomacy, many believe it could be laying the groundwork for a third world war.